Common Dog Allergies and Their Symptoms
With spring around the corner, it’s that time of the year when pollen from the seasonal flowers often results in allergies, both in humans as well as animals. So, if you’ve noticed your dog scratching or itching more than usual, it might be possible that he’s inflicted with any of the dog allergies.
Although these allergies are mostly respiratory, it is usually the skin that is most affected. This hypersensitivity to an allergen, which is a harmless substance, causes the immune system of your pooch to overreact, causing ear infections, watery eyes, skin irritation, and more.
Types of Dog Allergies
Forty percent of the dogs are known to suffer from dog allergies daily. There are five types of common dog allergies. The reaction to each of these allergies can vary from mild to severe, and the symptoms for every allergy can both be common as well as unique.
Inhalant allergies – This is the most common of all dog allergies and its symptoms usually include skin biting, excessive scratching, coughing, sneezing, and watery eyes. Pollen is often the culprit for this allergy type (especially during the spring season) but sometimes dust mites or hair of other animals may be held responsible for inhalant allergies.
Bacterial allergies – Presence of excessive Staph bacteria on skin can cause bacterial allergies. Staphylococcus bacteria are normally present on the skin of all dogs in the right proportion. Although this allergy type is quite rare, still some dogs, especially the breeds that have squished face or have a lot of skin rolls, are more prone to bacterial allergies. Common breeds that are known to have more of these allergies are Shih-Tzus’, Bulldogs, and Pugs.
Overweight dogs also run a higher probability of getting these types of allergies. Skin welts, thickening of skin, hot spots, hair loss, and unpleasant odor are some of the symptoms of bacterial allergies. You may also want to watch out for a ringworm-like rash on your dog to recognize bacterial allergies.
Contact allergies – This is quite a rare dog allergy type. Symptoms are usually observed within one or two days of coming in contact with the allergen. Excessive licking, itching or bumps on the skin, are a few common symptoms of contact allergies. Belly, face, and paws, are the parts that are normally affected by these allergies. There can be various reasons of these allergies and the treatment thereby needs to be quite tricky. Types of wholesale dog supplies online, like beddings (such as, wool or rubber), lotion treatments, shampoos, metals in collars (like, chrome or nickel), can all be the reason for contact allergies.
Food allergies – No dog can be born with a food allergy. These allergies are common among the dogs that are aged between five months and twelve years. Many times people confuse dog allergies with food intolerance, making it difficult to diagnose these allergies. Itching near the face, mouth, feet, and ears, can be because of a food allergy. Frequent bowel movements, hair loss, and persistent ear infections, are some other symptoms of food allergies.
The best method to find out if your dog is allergic to any food is, to try the hypoallergenic test diet, as recommended by your vet.
Flea allergies – In these allergies, it is not the flea that the dogs are allergic to, but their saliva that enters your pooch’s skin through the bite, which causes the irritant reaction. This often aggravates incessant itching in dogs, which harms them more than the flea itself.
Belly, lower back, excessive biting and scratching of the skin and fur, are all common symptoms of flea allergies. This may further lead to hot spots and sores. Hence, it is important that these flea bites are treated without any delay.
It can be difficult to determine what exactly is causing the allergic reaction in your dog but simply ignoring it is also not a solution. Untreated allergies can cause a lot of complications in future, like some symptoms such as frequent stomach upset, flaky skin, hot spots, or ear infections, may become recurring all through your dog’s life.
So, if you suspect that your pooch is having any allergy, be sure to get it checked thoroughly by your veterinarian and get the necessary tests done to determine the allergy type and begin with the treatment at the earliest.
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